Bahawalpur is located at an altitude of 400 feet and is spread over an area of 27,530 square kilometers.
It has a population of 24,10,566 (District Bahawalpur - 1998 census). The area enjoys an average annual
rainfall of 6.89 inches. The recommended tourist season is from October to March. Saraiki is their local
language, however, Urdu, Punjabi and English is spoken and understood by most of the people.
Bahawalpur is a city, which lies just south of the Sutlej River. Nawab of the Daudputra family,
Muhammad Bahawal Khan Abbasi I, founded the city in 1748, which was later incorporated as a municipality in 1874.
The Abbasi family ruled over the State for more than 200 years (1748 to 1954).
Bahawalpur was formerly an Indian princely state and is now a part of Pakistan.
The region stretches for more than 300 miles along the Sutlej, Panjnad,
and Indus River with practically all of its territory in the Thar Desert. Its rulers became independent
of Afghans in early 19th century; made treaty with British in 1838 and later joined Pakistan in 1947.
Bahawalpur originally was a vassal of the great Sikh empire built by Maharaja Ranjit Singh.
In 1936 Bahawalpur stopped paying tribute and openly declared independence. In the Anglo Sikh wars,
Bahawalpur supported the British and this guaranteed its survival.
During the rule of the last Nawab Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbasi V, Bahawalpur State merged with
Pakistan in 1954. Bahawalpur was formerly the capital of the state and now it is the District and
Divisional Headquarters of Bahawalpur Division.
Specialities of Bahawalpur
Bahawalpur is known for its cotton, silk, embroidery, carpets, and extraordinarily delicate pottery,
which is produced here.
The Punjab Small Industries Corporation (PSIC) has established a Craft Development
Center for Cholistan area, outside Farid Gate, Bahawalpur from where handicrafts
manufactured in Cholistan can be purchased.
It is a piece of 4-ft * 7-ftsize, made of camel
hair and cotton yarn. It is used for wall hanging, as a decoration piece and a carpet.
Gindi or Rilli
It is made of small pieces of many colors of cotton cloth and needle work.
It can be used as wall hangings, bed covers, carpets and blankets.
Like big plaques, these are made of palm leaves in different bright colors
with beautiful patterns and geometric designs. These are used for keeping the 'chapattis'
and also as a wall decoration.
It is like a purse embroidered on top with multi colored threads.
It is an attractive type of embroidery done on dupatta, kurta and chaddar etc.
Bazaars of Bahawalpur
The main shopping centers of Bahawalpur are Shahi Bazaar, Machli Bazaar, Farid Gate and the Mall.
How to Go There
Bahawalpur is connected by air from Karachi and Islamabad.
There are daily bus and train services from Multan and Lahore.